The Boy Scouts of America expects every member to have a belief in God. The Guide to Advancement 2015 states in the section Religious Principles (188.8.131.52)
“From time to time, issues related to advancement call for an understanding of the position of the Boy Scouts of America on religious principles.
“The Boy Scouts of America does not define what constitutes belief in God or practice of religion. Neither does the BSA require membership in a religious organization or association for membership in the movement. If a Scout does not belong to a religious organization or association, then his parent(s) or guardian(s) will be considered responsible for his religious training. All that is required is the acknowledgment of belief in God as stated in the Declaration of Religious Principle and the Scout Oath, and the ability to be reverent as stated in the Scout Law.
In the last 18 months, each program update, first Venturing and recently Cub Scouting, has further incorporated Duty to God into the advancement requirements. In January these changes come to Boy Scouting with Duty to God being incorporated in:
- the requirement to show Scout Spirit.
- Also during the unit leader conference, the Scout will be asked what Duty to God means to him and how he demonstrates that duty.
So the question comes when a Scout says he doesn’t believe in God, what should you do? With an important question like this, an expert always help. An expert like R. Chip Turner, chairman of the BSA’s Religious Relationships Task Force.
His response follows:
“The shortest answer is that we should help Scouts and their families come to realize that a belief in God is integral to Scouting and is a key element in character building. This does not reflect a change in BSA policy nor does it place Scouters in the role of religious leaders.
Declaration of Religious Principle
The Boy Scouts of America maintains that no member can grow into the best kind of citizen without recognizing an obligation to God. In the first part of the Scout Oath or Promise the member declares, “On my honor I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law.” The recognition of God as the ruling and leading power in the universe and the grateful acknowledgment of His favors and blessings are necessary to the best type of citizenship and are wholesome precepts in the education of the growing members. No matter what the religious faith of the members may be, this fundamental need of good citizenship should be kept before them. The Boy Scouts of America, therefore, recognizes the religious element in the training of the member, but it is absolutely nonsectarian in its attitude toward that religious training. Its policy is that the home and the organization or group with which the member is connected shall give definite attention to religious life.
“By signing the membership application, each leader has already acknowledged the Declaration of Religious Principle which affirms a belief in God, calls for an appreciation for the faith of others, and acknowledges the importance of faith in citizenship development. Moreover, this same Declaration of Religious Principle is now included on the youth application form which is to be signed by the parents. All signatories are also reminded that the BSA is absolutely nonsectarian in its attitude toward that religious training.
“Its policy is that the home and organization or group with which the member is connected shall give definite attention to religious life.
“’Duty to God’ has always been a cornerstone of Scouting. Lord Robert Baden-Powell affirmed this on numerous occasions. B-P once responded to a question about the importance of faith (religion) in Scouting by saying: ‘Where does religion come in? Well, my reply is … it does not come in at all. It is already there. It is the fundamental factor underlying Scouting and Guiding.’
“To further emphasize the importance of faith In American Scouting, early leaders incorporated a 12th point into the Scout Law: ‘a Scout is reverent.’
“As I write this response, my wife and I are on the way home from a vacation which included a return visit to Gilwell in England. While walking on those grounds, I was particularly struck by Gilwell’s designated ‘Faith Walk’ which includes worship sites and support facilities for many of the world religions. Each of these locations is a testimony to the importance of “duty to God” in Scouting. Thousands upon thousands of Scouts from all over the world have worshipped there and, in the process, affirmed this pivotal belief in God.
“While Scouting is ‘absolutely nonsectarian in its attitude toward religious training,’ BSA affirms the importance a belief in God in a number of ways. Here is a small sampling:
“’Duty to God’ Program Enhancements: The new program elements being introduced for Boy Scouts, and Venturers, provide even clearer support for the importance of ‘duty to God’ in Scouting. In addition, greater assistance is provided for adult leaders in their affirming ‘duty to God”’as well as in teaching respect for the faith of others.
“As mentioned earlier, it is very important to note that these enhancements do not reflect a change in ‘duty to God’ perspective by BSA. For instance, the faith adventures in the Cub Scout program are clearly designed to be carried out in the family with the assistance of their faith group leaders. This affirms the Declaration of Religious Principle.
“In Boy Scouts, participants at each review for rank advancement will be asked how they have done their duty to God since achievement of their current rank. It does not put the Scouter in the role of a religious leader nor does it empower this leader to accept answers only from his or her religious perspective. It does, however, provide an opportunity to acknowledge the importance of ‘duty to God.’
“We have all likely heard horror stories of boys being asked in their Eagle Scout board of review about how they have done their ‘duty to God,’ only to have the youth say they don’t believe in God. Equally disappointing is the example I heard of recently of an Eagle Scout who publicly admitted that he simply lied when asked about ‘duty to God’ in his board of review.
“Have we not somehow failed such a young person who apparently is not concerned about violating the first and 12th parts of the Scout Law? In my opinion, we have not delivered the full Scouting program if ‘duty to God’ is first addressed at an Eagle board.
“By the time a young person has achieved the Summit Award in Venturing, he or she will have completed a ‘structured personal reflection’related to Adventures of Faith. In keeping with Scouting being nonsectarian in matters of faith, ‘a Venturer is not required to share the personal reflection associated with Adventures of Faith with his or her Advisor or members of a board of review.’
“In other words, Scouting, strongly affirms this fulfillment of ‘duty to God’ while looking to the Venturer’s family and religious leaders to provide faith-specific guidance.
“Religious Emblems Programs / RECs: While all elements of these programs are prepared and administered by the various faith groups, BSA authorizes the wearing of the emblems on the Scout’s uniform. BSA has also authorized the adult positions of Religious Emblems Coordinator at unit, district, and council levels to help Scouts and their families to learn about and pursue the religious emblems of their chosen faith.
“Chaplain: The position of chaplain is encouraged at the unit level as well as for council camps and a variety of national/international Scouting activities such as jamborees, NOAC, and high adventure bases. For example, approximately 140 chaplains serve at each national jamboree.
“Chaplain Aide: This Boy Scout troop leadership role is intended to support ‘duty to God’ in Scouting. Whether helping provide appropriate worship opportunities and devotional thoughts at Scouting events, including grace with meals, providing information on the religious emblems programs, or teaching respect for the religious beliefs of others, the Chaplain Aide has an important role in support of ‘duty to God.’
“Yes, belief in God is a cornerstone of Scouting. As Scouters, we have a tremendous opportunity to reflect this core principle while helping teach respect for the beliefs of others in pursuit of doing our ‘duty to God.’”