If you visit Scofield Scout Camp during free time, the first thing you notice will probably be the noise from the waterfront. The camp surrounds a bay that is almost always full of laughing, shouting Scouts. When free time starts, they race to grab kayaks or paddleboards, play on the water obstacle course, dunk each other in the lake, or go sailing.

What is it about water that keeps Scouts coming back every day?

It must be at least in part because Utah summers are hot and dry enough to drive anyone to the lake. But there are other, more important reasons water activities are such a trademark part of summer camp.

Swimming and boating build confidence. I’ve seen young men who were terrified to even put their head under the water on Monday jump happily off the iceberg on Friday. Others spend the entire week trying to master climbing into a canoe by themselves in the middle of the bay. When they finally succeed, always with their troop-mates cheering them on, they paddle back to the dock beaming with confidence. When they leave camp, they are swimmers, kayakers, sailors, and lifesavers.

Water activities are a great energy release. One of the aims of Scouting is personal fitness, and swimming and boating are great ways to get in shape. Rambunctious Scouts can let off steam at the waterfront and leave tired and happy instead of putting their energy toward more destructive endeavors. They can also build healthy habits for life.

Learning to swim and mastering basic lifesaving techniques will keep Scouts safer throughout their lives. Not only will they be able to save themselves if the need arises, they’ll also be able to help others.

And perhaps most importantly to the youth, water activities are really fun. The noise from the waterfront every day proves that.

When it comes to swimming and water activities, safety is and must be your first concern. The BSA is committed to the safety of their youth, volunteers, and employees, so they’ve provided resources to support safe Scouting. Every Scout leader should take the BSA Safe Swim Defense and Safety Afloat trainings. Drowning is still one of the top six causes of injury death for youth ages 1-18 in the United States, but if everyone followed these safety protocols it wouldn’t be.

The basic steps of Safe Swim Defense will help you keep your Scouts safe in and around the water:

Qualified Supervision—All swimming activities must be supervised by an adult (age 21 or older) who is trained in Safe Swim Defense and willing and able to take responsibility for the safety of the participants. Ideally, this person should also be trained as an aquatics supervisor and/or lifeguard.

Personal Health Review—The BSA requires Scouts to take a physical before coming to camp because sudden illnesses and existing health conditions can turn even the best swimmers into non-swimmers in an instant. You should have health histories for each participant signed by a parent or guardian and should review any recent illnesses or injuries just before the activity so you can adjust the activity accordingly.

Safe Area—Know where you’re going and what you’re getting yourself into. For swimming activities outdoors, Safe Swim Defense lays out specific guidelines for water depth, clarity and temperature, as well as when to wear life jackets and when diving is acceptable.

A word about weather: any safe area becomes unsafe in severe weather. Check the weather forecast before you go, have a plan for a safe gathering point in case of a change in weather, and immediately leave the water and head to a safe location at any sign of lightning, thunder, or strong wind.

Response Personnel (Lifeguards)—Every swimming activity has to be supervised by at least two IMG_5185rescue personnel. When a pool or beach supplies these lifeguards, they will suffice. If there aren’t any guards on duty, you’ll need to provide your own. Two is the minimum and you have to have at least one guard for every 10 participants. If these response personnel are not certified as lifeguards, it is up to the supervisor to train them in necessary scanning and basic rescue skills, provide rescue equipment, and assign areas of responsibility.

The best way to fulfill this requirement is to have all of your Scouts get the swimming and lifesaving merit badges and then have a few become certified as BSA lifeguards. This has the added bonus of teaching these Scouts responsibility and opening up job opportunities for them.

Lookout—The last member of the safety team is the lookout, who monitors conditions, alerts response personnel to issues they see, and makes sure all Safe Swim Defense requirements are met.

Ability Groups—The BSA swim test, contrary to the assumptions of many Scouts, is not an excuse to make Scouts swim in cold lakes to build character (though that is a nice side effect). You need to be aware of the abilities of each Scout and act accordingly.

But don’t stop with the swim test. Everyone should have the chance to learn how to swim. If you’ve got youth who can’t pass the test or want to improve, have swimming activities, find a water safety instructor to teach them, or enroll them in a swimming merit badge class.

Buddy System—Every participant should have an assigned buddy to keep an eye on them. Buddies should stay together and alert response personnel of issues. As a supervisor, do periodic buddy checks to make sure buddies stick together.

Discipline—Rules only work when participants follow them. Tell your Scouts the rules beforehand and make sure they understand why they are important. Every participant should commit to follow these rules and help others follow them.

Maria Milligan
Has spent several years as a merit badge counselor, several summers as a waterfront director, and her whole life wishing she could do the Pinewood Derby with her 6 brothers. She joined the Utah National Parks Council as a Grant Writer to get her chance.

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